AI made in EU

NEWS Published

JOINT EFFORT The EU-commission has presented a joint effort with Member States to promote the development and use of artificial intelligence, AI, in Europe. To strengthen AI-technology and uptake in Europe is welcome. Swedish Enterprise believes that the conditions within Europe must be strengthened in order to successfully improve the global competitiveness of our companies. Here are our thoughts and proposals.

Carolina Brånby

Carolina Brånby

Foto: Ernst Henry Photography AB

Foster innovation

Substantially increase the research and investment support on basic research, in particular in the areas of Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Computing. Basic research also needs to support possible solutions to the security and privacy issues that technology will bring.

EU co-financed collaborative research programs is a necessity to foster joint advancements in technology and standardization for the competitiveness of industry.

The framework research programs within EU promote knowledge sharing among the research institutions in EU: Universities, institutes, companies and government organizations. The knowledge sharing of these co-operations, from joining and doing applications together, doing projects together and sharing IP, is not possible to measure but very fruitful for Europe.

Real-world testing and experimentation are fundamental to find innovations. In regulated areas the possibility to use sandboxes, without the full burden of regulation, would improve both incentives and conditions to innovate. Through the use of regulatory sandboxing in combination with continued support of technological test beds the speed of digital dissemination within the EU can hopefully increase.

Promote investments

New technology requires investments from private sector and therefore a pro-investment policy is needed. To complete the Single Market in a manner of deregulation and predictability, light touched regulation is crucial. SMEs, in particular, need better access to funding for innovation and digital transformation.

We need to understand the global perspective to grasp the realities of globalization. Cooperation is to our benefit. We need to foster 3 country investment that support our global ambition and we should welcome the possibilities of the global digital economy. To cooperate with like-minded regions, and collaborate with them, is important in order to safeguard competitiveness and face down derogatory forces.

Skills and lifelong learning

Support advanced digital skills to stimulate innovation and introduction of new technologies in all sectors. As worker’s tasks develop with new technology their skills will need continuous updating and reskilling.

Support dataflows

The digital economy is global and so are dataflows. Ensure international dataflows in trade agreements and cross-border within the EU to hinder protectionist measures.

Top quality infrastructure for data communication is required and needs to expand in line with the requirements of speed and bandwidth. The EU should focus on investment support for very high-speed broadband.

Data sharing is crucial for AI and deep learning. Promote standards and data usage agreements to support sharing and access, prevent data lock-in situations and ease portability between providers for business users. Regulation should only be required in this area if competition law fails in order to prevent data monopolies and abuse of market power. Increased access to public data is highly demanded from businesses.

In the field of health, the Commission has created conditions (DIRECTIVE 2011/24/EU) for patients to receive care in other EU countries than their own. In order for this to become functional, continued work on technical and semantic interoperability is required.

To facilitate the free flow of personal data Data Protection Authorities, need to be synchronized and enable digital and technical development. The protection of confidentiality in the proposal of ePrivacy Regulation must pair with GDPR in order not to hinder innovation and dataflows. The balance must be carefully retained to harness all opportunities of digital transformation such as use of AI and Internet of Things, IoT.

Create trust

Growth and prosperity is dependent on the trust of investors, entrepreneurs, businesses and consumers. To uphold high security in infrastructure, on the Internet, in IoT-products and to protect trade secrets, it must be prioritized by business, member states and the EU. This shared responsibility needs to be well-defined and carefully attributed to the different stakeholders.

In the area of liability, the existing Product Liability Directive offers a stable framework providing the consumer with a clear redress mechanism, which is able to accommodate new technological developments in digital like applications of AI- and self-learning systems. The directive implicitly covers liability in the data economy if it results in bodily harm or property damage.

Policy making that enables

A sustainable yet flexible framework is crucial in order to tap the potential of the digital transformation for business models, competition, production and society at large. To support competitiveness in the free market economy, better regulation initiatives are needed. Principle-based regulations prevent unnecessarily detailed regulation and give predictable, stable and technology-neutral framework over time. That would improve conditions for innovation. Such a framework will manage to safeguard privacy and security while also enabling innovation, competitiveness and growth as technology keeps developing rapidly.

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